What is Home Care?

“Home care", "home health care" and "in-home care" are phrases that are used interchangeably in the United States to mean any type of care given to a person in their own home. These phrases have been used in the past interchangeably regardless of whether the person required skilled care or not. More recently, there is a growing movement to distinguish between "home health care" meaning skilled nursing care (usually provided by a Home Health Agency) and "home care" (provided by Homecare Agency or independent home health aide or caregiver) meaning non-medical care.

Home care aims to make it possible for people to remain at home rather than use residential, long-term, or institutional-based nursing care. Home care providers deliver services in the client's own home. These services may include some combination of professional health care services and life assistance services.

Professional health care services could include:

  • Medical or psychological assessment
  • Wound care
  • Medication instruction
  • Pain management education
  • Disease education and management
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Occupational therapy

Life assistance services include help with daily tasks such as:

  • Meal preparation
  • Medication reminders
  • Laundry
  • Light housekeeping
  • Errands/shopping
  • Transportation
  • Companionship

Home care is often an integral component of the post-hospitalization recovery process, especially during the initial weeks after discharge when the patient still requires some level of regular physical assistance.


The Ohio Home Care Waiver Program

The Ohio Home Care Waiver (OHCW) program benefit package consists of nursing services, personal care assistance services and/or skilled therapy services, plus waiver-specific services such as home modifications, home-delivered meals, adult day health care, respite care, supplemental transportation, adaptive/assistive devices, and emergency response systems. ODM contracts with a case management agency CareStar to provide case management services.  Learn more....