22. Do you know the Child Labor Provisions that apply to your business?a.) Children 14 and 15 years of age may work outside of school hours in office and sales jobs under these conditions:
(1) They must work no more than 3 hours on a school day and 8 hours on a non-school day;
(2) They must work no more than 18 hours in a week during any part of which school is in session, and no more than 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week when there is no school;
(3) At any time they may not work before 7AM. During the winter months they may not work after 6PM During the summer months from June 1st through Labor Day, they may work to 9PM.
b.) No minor under 16 years of age may work at a job or in the workplace of a manufacturing, mining or processing operation; or in transportation, communication, public utilities, construction, warehousing or storage; or as a public messenger or in tending power-driven machinery other than office machinery.
c.) No minor under 18 years of age, may be employed in occupations declared hazardous by the Secretary of Labor. Note: Check with your CPA, attorney, or other qualified professional about this. The hazardous occupations most likely to affect automotive wholesalers are:
1. Serving as truck driver, delivery man, or helper. 16 and 17 years old may do occasional* and incidental delivery in a light vehicle (under 6,000 pounds gross vehicle weight) during daylight hours if they have a drivers license, have completed drivers education, and the vehicle is equipped with seat belts which they are instructed to use. (*The courts have defined "occasional" as less than once per week.)
2. Operator or assistant of power-driven elevator, hoist, crane, or highlift truck.
3. Operator or assistant of power-driven metal forming, punching, or shearing machine.
Exception: The child of the sole owner of the business may be employed, but his child cannot engage in the "hazardous" occupations if he or she is under 18 years of age.
NOTE: Since May 1, 1974, violations of the Child Labor Provisions may result in penalty assessments ranging from $50.00 to $1,000.00