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Foot Health

Foot pain is not normal and will not go away on its own. Podiatrists are uniquely qualified among medical professionals to treat the complex structure of the foot and ankle, based on their education, training and experience. They can diagnose illnesses, treat injuries and perform surgery affecting the foot, ankle and the lower extremities. They can provide guidance on proper athletic footwear, prescribe custom orthotics, and evaluate biomechanics.

Use the foot health information pages below (compiled from the APMA) to learn more common foot conditions and treatments. Contact an NYSPMA podiatrist today if you are experiencing foot pain or any foot health problems. 

Arthritis

What is Arthritis

Arthritis is inflammation and swelling of the cartilage and lining of the joints, generally accompanied by an increase in the fluid in the joints. Each foot has 33 joints that can be afflicted with arthritis.

Diabetes & Cardiovascular Disease

Diabetes

Podiatrists play a key role in helping patients manage diabetes successfully and avoiding foot-related complications.

Diabetic Wound Care

A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound that occurs in approximately 15 percent of patients with diabetes and is commonly located on the bottom of the foot.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Your podiatrist is vitally concerned about hypertension and vascular disease (heart and circulatory problems).

Peripheral Arterial Disease

PAD is caused by a blockage or narrowing of the arteries in the legs when fatty deposits (plaque) build up. The buildup of plaque causes the arteries to harden and narrow.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is damage of the peripheral nerves—the nerves in your toes and fingertips. In the United States, the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy is diabetes.

Foot & Ankle Injuries

Sprains, Strains & Fractures

The feet and ankles work together to provide support and mobility to the body. A foot or ankle sprain is a soft tissue injury. A fracture is actually a break in the bone.

Muscle & Tendon Problems

Haglund's Deformity

Haglund's Deformity is a bony enlargement of the back of the heel bone. Sometimes it's called “pump bump” because the deformity often occurs in women who wears pumps.

Heel Pain

The heel bone is the largest of the 26 bones in the human foot. Like all bones, it is subject to outside influences that can affect its integrity and cause heel pain.

Tendinitis

Tendinitis is the inflammation of a tendon. Achilles tendinitis, or an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, is one of the most common causes of foot or ankle pain.

Skin Disorders

Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is a skin disease caused by a fungus. It most commonly attacks the feet because shoes create a warm, dark and humid environment that encourages fungus growth.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that develop to protect that area from irritation. They are usually caused by rubbing or excess pressure against part of the foot.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is caused by faster-than-normal turnover of skin cells. In people who have psoriasis, the new cells move to the surface so rapidly that the dead cells build up on the surface in dry, whitish-silver patches.

Skin Cancers of the Feet

Skin cancer can develop anywhere on the body, including in the lower extremities. Most skin cancers of the feet are painless, and often there is a history of recurrent cracking, bleeding, or ulceration.

Sweaty Feet

Excessive sweating of the feet is called hyperhidrosis. People whose feet sweat excessively often also have problems with excessive sweating of the palms.

Warts

Warts are one of several soft tissue conditions of the foot that can be quite painful. They are caused by a virus and can appear anywhere on the skin.

Toe Joint & Nerve Disorders

Bunions

A bunion is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe that forms when the bone or tissue at the big toe joint moves out of place.

Hammertoes

A hammertoe is a contracture, or bending, of the toe at the first joint of the digit, called the proximal interphalangeal joint. This bending causes the toe to appear like an upside-down V when looked at from the side.

Neuromas

A neuroma is a painful condition, also referred to as a “pinched nerve” or a nerve tumor. It is a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes.

Toenail Problems

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails, the most common nail impairment, are nails whose corners or sides dig painfully into the soft tissue of nail grooves, often leading to irritation, redness and swelling.

Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is an infection underneath the surface of the nail caused by fungi. The disease is characterized by a progressive change in a toenail's quality and color.

Treatments

Shoe Inserts and Prescription Custom Orthotics

Shoe inserts are any kind of non-prescription foot support designed to be worn inside a shoe. Custom orthotics are specially-made devices designed to support and comfort your feet.

Surgery

Often when pain or deformity persists, surgery may be appropriate to alleviate discomfort or to restore the function of your foot.

Tips For Helping Your Feet

Get advice on how to care for your feet. These helpful pointers are sure to keep you and your family in step with good foot health.

Red Carpet Ready: Surviving the Night in Heels

New York State Podiatric Medical Association’s Podiatrists Give the 411 on Wearing Heels

From statement heels and strappy, thin stilettos to pointy-toe pumps, there will be no shortage of sparkling, high heels on the 89th Academy Awards red carpet...

The Bartender’s Guide to Taking Care of Your Feet, Part One

As seen on Tales of the Cocktail. January 13, 2017.

NYSPMA Podiatrist James Hanna, DPM, offers recommendations for bartenders (or anyone who stands on their feet all day!) for keeping feet healthy and pain-free.

Everyday Habits That Are Secretly Ruining Your Life

As seen in Thrillist.com, April 30, 2016

What are the everyday health habits that could be ruining your life? NYSPMA President, Dr. Andrew Shapiro, gives insight on the habit that could be harming your foot health - and how to break it.

Choosing Summer Footwear that Looks and Feels Great

Warm weather is here at last, and it is finally time to ditch the winter boots. But while you’re skipping through summer in your saucy sandals or padding through the sand in your favorite flip-flops, what toll will your seasonal footwear take on your hardworking feet?

Avoiding Footwear Fumbles When Exercising or Playing Sports

No one disputes that exercise provides a host of health benefits, from helping control weight to improving cardiovascular function. But exercising in the wrong footwear can cause more harm than good, especially because foot health is integral to overall well-being.

Featured Videos

According to a recent survey from the American Podiatric Medical Association, nearly eight in 10 adults have experienced some type of foot ailment in their lives. Yet despite the pain, close to three in 10 do nothing about it, simply choosing to live with their pain.

Don’t let foot pain keep you from getting on your feet. NYSPMA expert podiatrists offer tips for how to care for your feet.

If you are experiencing persistent foot pain, find a podiatrist near you!

 

Revive Dry Winter Feet

Winter Beauty Tip: NYSPMA Past President Andrew Shapiro, DPM, of Valley Stream, NY, explains how to remove dry skin to keep skin soft and supple during winter.

Running 101: Avoid Foot Injuries, Stay Safe

Avoid foot injuries when running and heed this advice from NYSPMA podiatrist, William Spielfogel, DPM, of Manhattan and Brooklyn.

Stepping Towards the Gold: Foot Health Tips for the Aspiring Athlete

If you are an aspiring athlete, follow these foot health tips for optimum performance from NYSPMA podiatrist, James Hanna, DPM of Lockport, NY.

Stop Foot Fungus in Its Tracks

NYSPMA podiatrist, Vanessa Darmochwal, DPM, of Poughkeepsie, NY, discusses how to prevent and treat foot fungus.

Prevent Foot Injury While Exercising

NYSPMA podiatrist, Patricia Nicholas, DPM, of Wading River, NY, explains how to prevent foot injury while exercising (And, remember, never wear flip-flops while exercising!).

NYSPMA Wellness Wednesday Series from NYSPMA on Vimeo.